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Violent Extremism in the country? How does it  exist?
Perceived forms of violent extremism in the immediate areas of the respondents 
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1. Extremist ideologies such as harming non-conforming people are normalized.

2. More severe forms such as bombing were also reported.



1. Communities have witnessed extreme beliefs and actions to reflect this; such as: extreme interpretations of           Islamic teachings and forcing them onto others, and harsh punishments for those who fail to follow these               beliefs. Further, this is also upheld in some schools to the point that violent groups are reported to recruit in         educational institutions.

2. The Marawi Siege, also known as the Battle of Marawi, is a recent and well-known example of violent                     extremism.

The siege lasted for five months in 2017 that      destroyed the city center and resulted in massive internal              displacement, destruction of infrastructure and communities. Delays in governmental assistance and                      rehabilitation have led to citizens living in temporary shelters to this day as well as negative emotion                      amongst their people towards government officials.



1. There has been a rise in violence in the NCR region, especially due to the war on drugs. There have been attacks, thousands even leading to death, by the Philippine National Police against violators of COVID-19      restrictions or those suspected to be drug users. Violence has also been used to disperse rallies and    arrest the people present.

2.  Filipinos have also witnessed reports of violence among fraternity and sorority members, rival organizations, or violence within (such as cases of hazing).

3.  There have also been arrests made by the police that show citizens illegally carrying arms in the region.



1. Within the region, there were reports of cases of extrajudicial killings where young Filipinos have

been killed after being  mistaken  to be part of violent extremist groups.

2.  On the other hand, reports show that there is an active recruitment of young people into a

known group that conducts “hold-ups” (robbery). Most members are offspring of those who were

involved in known extremist groups, thus, continuing the cycle of violence and harm within their family and community. 

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1. Last 2018, officials arrested three individuals who were carrying arms and were allegedly caught

before they could cause arms. Another instance would be the      Zamboanga Siege in 2013.    

2.  Recruitment even existed in the top schools of the city as the leaders of known violent extremist groups           studied there. 3.  Directly or indirectly, the city being a commercial center has been affected by

activities of violent extremist groups.

How  Violent Extremish Impact Youth and Communities

Economic Opportunities

Due to lack of access to education and other learning methods, the youth face a

reduced number of livelihood opportunities, leaving them with limited prospects

to better their lives. 


Reports said that former combatants experience disruptions in their studies due to stigma, prejudices, and generally lack of access to education itself.


  • The community dynamics rely on the contextual factors within the area (e.g. whether they are from rural or urban areas) or if they are communities made of indigenous peoples.

  • Reports said that reintegration into the community is one of the challenges that former combatants face, especially regarding their safety and security.

  • Those with losses due to violent extremist activities (either property losses or those who have lost family members) experience vulnerability afterwards.

For the frequency of violent extremism activities  in the  lives  of  the  ordinary  Filipino, here’s our results:
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Why youth join Violent Extremism groups according to respondents
Level of influence of different media and methods in the recruitment of young people
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